Reasons Why Windows 11/10 Boots Slowly
To ensure the smooth functioning of all programs on your computer, your operating system must efficiently manage its resources, such as memory, drive space, and processing power. When these resources are used inefficiently, your computer’s performance may be negatively impacted, resulting in slower boot times. Several factors can contribute to inefficient resource usage and slow boot times. Here are some of the most common culprits:
- Running out of RAM
- Old or fragmented hard drive
- Too many background programs or startup programs
- Falling behind on Windows or driver updates
- Malware or viruses
- The program installed/used is not compatible with Windows 11/10
- Incorrect configuration in BIOS
- GPU driver out of date
Continue reading to discover solutions for these problems if you are experiencing a slow-running computer.
How to Fix Windows 11/10 Slow Boot?
Method 1: Disable Unnecessary Fast Startup Programs
Fast startup is a default setting in Windows 11/10 that can cause slow boot times. Although its purpose is to speed up the startup process by pre-loading some boot information before the PC shuts down, it can hinder some users’ boot process. Fortunately, disabling this option is a straightforward process.
- Press the Win + R keys to open the Run box, type in control, and click on the OK button to launch the Control Panel.
- Set your view mode to either Small icons, then click on Power Options.
- Click Choose what the power buttons do > Change settings that are currently unavailable.
- Then, you may need to enter your administrator credentials.
- Uncheck the Turn on fast startup (recommended) option and click Save changes.
- You can restart your computer to see whether the boot time has improved.
Method 2: Clear Virus/Malware
Viruses and spyware malware always attack computers in various ways, such as deleting your files, encrypting your folders, and adding many boot items to slow down your computer. You can use Windows Defender or install antivirus software to scan your computer for potential viruses or malware. How to use Windows Defender:
- Press Win + I to open Settings.
- Go to Update & Security > Windows Security > Virus & threat protection.
- Click Scan now in the Threat history section to scan for viruses on your computer.
- If there are any viruses or malware, follow the onscreen instruction to clear them.
Method 3: Defragment Computer Hard Drive
When a file is saved in scattered locations on your disk, it causes fragmentation, resulting in inefficient use of storage space and reduced performance of your hard drive. To improve the read and write speed of your files and subsequently boost your computer’s performance, defragmentation eliminates fragmentation on your hard drive. Essentially, it involves organizing files on your hard drive to ensure they are stored contiguously.
- Input defrag in the search box, then choose Defragment and Optimize Drives.
- Choose the hard disk you want to optimize and click the Optimize button.
- Once the defragmentation process is initiated, it’s best to wait for it to complete. Once it’s finished, you may want to optimize other drives to further enhance your boot times.
Method 4: Upgrade to an SSD
If you are using an HDD and want to shorten your computer’s boot time, switching to an SSD will have an immediate effect. Although the capacity is smaller, the performance of SSD is much better than that of HDD. Upgrading to an SSD, Windows 11/10 will take less time to boot up.
Method 5: Run the Windows Troubleshooter
- Press Win + I to open Windows Settings window.
- Click Update & Security, and choose the Troubleshoot option in the left panel.
- Scroll down and click Additional troubleshooters.
- Scroll down and find Windows Update.
- Click it and choose Run the troubleshooter.
Many users reported slow boot problems in Windows 11/10, and according to users, this issue is caused by a corrupted Windows Update file. To fix this problem, you need to use the Windows troubleshooter.
Once you start the tool, it should automatically fix any issues and corrupted files. After the troubleshooter is finished, check if the problem is resolved.
Method 6: Run the System File Checker
Some of your system files may be missing or corrupted if you’re experiencing problems such as Windows 11/10 boot failure, system crashes, or slow boot times. However, there’s no need to panic as you can quickly identify and repair any damaged or missing system files by utilizing the Windows System File Checker Tool.
- Type cmd in the search box and choose Run as administrator to open Command Prompt.
- In the Command Prompt, type: DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth and press Enter to execute it.
- Then type the command: sfc /scannow to scan and repair your system files.
Method 7: Change Boot Order in BIOS
- Restart your computer and press a specific key (Del, F2, F10…) to enter the BIOS setup.
- Press the right arrow keys on your keyboard until the Boot tab is opened.
- To accelerate the Windows 11/10 boot time by giving priority to the drive in the boot sequence, simply move it to the top of the list.
- Once you’ve made this adjustment, save the changes and exit the BIOS setup utility. Your computer will restart automatically with the updated settings.
Method 8: Update the Graphics Card Drivers
- Press Win + X and choose Device Manager from the list.
- Locate and right-click your graphics card driver, then choose Uninstall device.
- In the appearing windows, check Delete this driver software for this device and click the Uninstall button.
Method 9: Update the Windows 11/10
Windows Updates always contain fixes for known issues. So it is important to check for and install the latest Windows updates:
- Press Win + I to open Settings.
- Go to Update & Security > Windows Update.
- Click on the button. If there is any update, click on the Install button.
- Please wait for the update to download and install on your Windows 11/10 system, and then proceed to restart your computer.
It is advisable to conduct a minimum of two tests following an update. Your system may still require re-configuration, which can result in slower booting.
Dealing with slow boot times can be frustrating, but fortunately, options are available to alleviate the problem. We hope that one or all of these solutions helped resolve your slow boot issue. Additionally, if you have any feedback or suggestions, you’re welcome to share them in the comments section below without hesitation.